There are times when you will need to connect an analog device, whether it's a phone somewhere hard to get a RJ45 Ethernet cable to or perhaps a fax machine. That's when using a VoIP ATA, like the Cisco SPA112 is the right way to go. Mount the ATA near your Asterisk server and use the existing phone line (RJ11) to connect with the analog device. Then configure the ATA as an extension in Asterisk. The Cisco SPA112 has two RJ11 analog ports, enough for two devices (or extensions).
The Cisco SPA112 is reasonably priced and can solve the issue when needing to keep an analog phone or other analog device.
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After setting up an extension in Asterisk with name and password, connect up the SPA112 ATA administration portal using the Ethernet connection and the default username and password (admin and admin) and start the quick setup wizard. To setup the extension, all you will need is the IP address of your Asterisk server, then save those settings. Right out of the box these ATAs are set to be easily configured using the default settings to set up an analog extension. If you are setting up a fax machine as an extension assign the DID of the fax machine in Asterisk, forwarded to this extension. Below we continue for more advanced settings when connecting a fax.
For more advanced settings for connecting an analog fax machine, see our tutorial at: